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| 2. Cultural Heritage

We understand by Cultural Heritage properties that have an Outstanding Universal Value. For example, monuments that can be: buildings; archaeological sites; caves with cave paintings; groups like cities or neighborhoods; or places that can be works made exclusively by man or by man and nature, such as urban or rural landscapes.

In 2021, UNESCO includes 869 cultural properties on the World Heritage list. The list expands every two years with new goods. Cultural heritage has an Outstanding Universal Value that goes beyond borders. Therefore, we must preserve it for future generations. Its degradation or disappearance would be an impoverishment of the heritage of all peoples in the world.

Let's see some examples of the Planet's Cultural Heritage:

- The Escorial monastery, 45 km from the Spanish capital, Madrid, has been a cultural heritage site for humanity since 1984. It has also been considered, since the end of the 16th century, the Eighth Wonder of the World due to its size and functional complexity and its enormous value symbolic.

- The historic city of Mexico and Xochimilco. The ancient Aztec city is now one of the largest and most populous capitals in the world, with an impressive cathedral.

- Brasília, the Capital of Brazil, is the only city built in the 20th century to receive the title of Cultural Heritage of Humanity by Unesco.

- The Great Wall of China is the greatest work of military engineering of all time. Its great architectural value is comparable to its historical and strategic importance.
- The Taj Mahal, in the district of Agra (India), is a grandiose white marble mausoleum and a gem of Muslim art in India.

- Venice and its Lagoon, in Italy, is a lake town with 118 islets. Venice is a masterpiece of humanity's architecture.

These 6 examples are heritage of all humanity. In other words, although the 6 properties are in Spain, Mexico, Brazil, China, India and Italy, they are the cultural heritage of all peoples in the world. Therefore, its conservation and care are of vital importance for humanity.

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